Self-organization is the process where a structure or pattern appears in a system without a central authority or external element imposing it through planning. According to many researchers, systems organize all by themselves when certain essential preconditions are met. The picture shows a Cellular Automata, like John Horton Conway’s Game of Life, made up of a few simple rules.

The research on self-organization has concentrated on physical and biological systems, but the Organizations Theorist Harrison Owen argues that it holds for human systems as well. “In fact, there is no such thing as a non-self-organizing system”, Owen writes.

No single mind can control such a complex thing as a city, a stock market, or the Internet. Self-organization is needed because a single brain is very limited. Fortunately, the human brain seems to be aware of its own restriction, so it rewards cooperation. Cooperation with other people starts the brain’s rewarding system. It gives us a strong incentive to help each other, and this little feature has made the human race very successful.

The aim of Demoex is to change the democratic system in order to reward cooperation better. If the system is under threat, broad cooperation is needed. Representative democracy in peacetime is ruled by a minimal winning coalition. During wartime and crisis, a unity government is formed instead. Why only in wartime? Minimal coalition systems are successful in highly competitive contexts, such as in the TV series Survivor, but they work better as entertainment than they do in politics.

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